Since 1999, the Agence de la biomédecine’s cooperation policy has aimed to improve access to organ transplantation in emerging countries by developing local expertise and organisation. The agency carries out cooperation activities at the request of the authorities of the country in question, of the French Foreign Office or of international organisations such as the WHO, the European Union and the Council of Europe. The cooperation is based on institutional partnerships with a national agency or ministry of health, for instance, and the introduction of a regulatory and ethical framework in the country. The projects are supported by external funding, chiefly from the French Foreign Office and the French Development Agency. Major projects currently in progress concern North Africa and the Mediterranean region, Bulgaria, Moldova, the Black Sea region and Sub-Saharan Africa, especially Senegal.
Meanwhile, the Agence de la biomédecine also takes part in the majority of European Commission-funded projects that support the concrete implementation of directives passed by the European Parliament. The “tissues and cells” directive, for example, was accompanied by a number of European projects in which the agency was involved. The “organs” directive and action plan are now also the subject of a number of projects funded at European level.