Organ transplantation saves the lives of many patients and improves their quality of life.
In France, the principal organs transplanted are kidneys, lungs, livers and hearts. Living donation of kidneys is encouraged, because this increases a patient’s chance of receiving a transplant. In France, most tissue transplants relate to corneas (fine membrane on the surface of the eye), enabling the treatment of people who have lost their sight.
Every year, there are many people on the waiting list for transplants. This is why the Agence de la biomédecine is seeking to increase the number of donors by encouraging individuals to make their choice known to their families and close friends. In France, the consent is presumed (opt out). So the medical teams who have no information about the will of the deceased always ask families what was his position about organs and tissus donation before any organs procurement.
The agency works closely with healthcare professionals to help improve the organisation of procurement, and the allocation and quality of organs. In addition, the agency is active in training, offering a large number of programmes designed to improve practices in the field.